//Entries by Gilles Palsky

Jacques Bertin

Jacques Bertin (1918-2010) was a French cartographer whose main contribution was his theoretical and practical reflection on the use of graphic material (diagrams, «maps» and graphs). This was the subject of a ground-breaking treatise that was published in 1967: ‘La sémiologie graphique‘ (Graphic Semiology). Bertin’s influence has not only been strong in modern cartography studies […]


A map is generally defined as a representation of all or part of a terrestrial surface area on a flat base or plane. Numerous dictionaries and contemporary technical works are more or less in line with this definition. However it can be considered inadequate, both because it assigns the map to a category, and because […]